Penal substitution is under fire, has been for quite some time. But not just from the PCUSA. HT @Mheerema.
The Alabama Baptist (Bob Terry): “Why Disagree About the Words of a Hymn?” http://www.thealabamabaptist.org/print-edition-article-detail.php?id_art=28401&pricat_art=10
Some popular theologies do hold that Jesus’ suffering appeased God’s wrath. That is not how I understand the Bible and that is why I do not sing the phrase “the wrath of God was satisfied” even though I love the song “In Christ Alone.”
One well-known Baptist theologian said it clearly: “Reconciliation is not the appeasement of God. It is God’s own work in restoring man to proper relationship with Himself.”
- J. Gresham Machen’s Christianity and Liberalism, Ch. 6, pg. 110 in PDF: http://reformedaudio.org/audio/machen/Machen%20-%20Christianity%20&%20Liberalism.pdf
- Albert Mohler’s talk at T4G 2008 (MP3) – Why Do They Hate It So? The Doctrine of Substitution: http://media.t4g.org/t4g2008/audio/t4g2008-session6-mohler.mp3
- Pierced for our Transgressions: Rediscovering the Glory of Penal Substitution – http://www.amazon.com/Pierced-Our-Transgressions-Rediscovering-Substitution/dp/1433501082